Three years of violence and instability in the North-West and South-West regions of Cameroon have left more than 855,000 children out of school according to UNICEF. Within the 3rd year of crisis in the NW/SW, following their forced displacement, over 3 million people are affected in NWSW, among these children; almost 150,000 have been displaced from their homes, which increases their vulnerability and trauma. The tension between the host community and displaced persons is increasing because of scarce resources. The key drivers of tension also have a negative impact on intra-community relations leading community members to resort to violent conflict resolution measures. Both Displaced persons and host community manifest deeply rooted socio-cultural norms and traditional practices that disproportionately discriminate against women, girls and marginalized community members preventing their access to services and resources. Those discriminatory norms and practices promote unequal power relationship, which prevent women and girls from actively contributing to the wellbeing of their families and communities. Harmful traditional practices such as early marriage and a commonly accepted social norm of domestic violence are on the rise in both communities due to the lack of livelihood opportunities, overstretched resources and support systems being further exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Men are power holders in key decision making at the household level in both communities and both boys and girls are particularly vulnerable to protection risks due to a strong stigma attached to disclosing abusive experiences and a lack of tailored services. Those structural factors have negative implications on the safety and wellbeing of children, adolescents and young people as the violent measures of conflict resolution are further perpetuated at the household level. Displaced Adolescents, youths, and host communities are particularly vulnerable groups having limited educational and livelihood opportunities. Displaced female adolescents, due to numerous threats to their safety and the need to negotiate intra-household decision making channels for accessing services, often prefer staying indoors, participating in very few interactions outside their shelters. Although displaced male adolescents report being freer to move in and out of their shelters, they report high levels of risk of exploitation (including trafficking, kidnapping, going missing), physical abuse, illegal activities, substance abuse, imprisonment, physical injuries while performing heavy works. “Kidnapping” by armed groups is ranked as the highest risk affecting girls and boys in both NW/SW and highlighted as a top concern in the host community. Importantly, children with disabilities are identified as the most vulnerable group in the host community assessment. As for protective factors, child protection community mechanisms are weak in the host community. Parents are reported to be the main source of protection for children.